“Designation of origin” means the name of a region, a specific place or, in exceptional cases, a country used to designate an agricultural or food product originating in that region, specific place or such country, the quality or characteristics of which are essentially or exclusively due to a particular geographical environment, including natural and human factors, and whose production, processing and preparation take place in the defined geographical area. 

The protected designation of origin, better known with the acronym PDO, is a trademark of legal protection of the designation that is attributed by the European Union to foods whose peculiar qualitative characteristics depend essentially or exclusively on the territory in which they were produced.

The geographical environment includes both natural factors (climate, environmental characteristics), and human factors (production techniques handed down over time, craftsmanship, savoir-faire) which, combined together, make it possible to obtain an inimitable product outside a specific area. productive.

For a product to be PDO, the production, transformation and processing phases must take place in a defined geographical area. Those who make PDO products must comply with the strict production rules established in the production disciplinary. Compliance with these rules is guaranteed by a specific control body

The CodexAlimentarius defines organic agriculture as a global system of agricultural production that encourage the rational management of internal resources within the company and the limited use of external inputs to safeguard the agro-ecosystem in all its aspects.

Organic farming is a production method that essentially aims:

  • to preserve the fertility of the soil in the long term, recycling waste of plant and animal origin (organic fertilizers) in order to return the nutrients to the earth, thus reducing the use of non-renewable resources as much as possible;
  • to increase biological diversity;
  • to work with natural systems rather than trying to dominate them;
  • to cultivate without the use of synthetic chemicals and GMOs (genetically modified organisms);
  • to cancel or reduce as little as possible any form of pollution of the agroecosystem and water resources;
  • to a greater respect for animals reared with their well-being as the main objective;
  • to handle agricultural products, with particular attention to processing methods, in order to maintain the biological integrity and essential qualities of the product in all the various stages;