“Designation of origin” means the name of a region, a specific place or, in exceptional cases, a country used to designate an agricultural or food product originating in that region, specific place or such country, the quality or characteristics of which are essentially or exclusively due to a particular geographical environment, including natural and human factors, and whose production, processing and preparation take place in the defined geographical area.
The protected designation of origin, better known with the acronym PDO, is a trademark of legal protection of the designation that is attributed by the European Union to foods whose peculiar qualitative characteristics depend essentially or exclusively on the territory in which they were produced.
The geographical environment includes both natural factors (climate, environmental characteristics), and human factors (production techniques handed down over time, craftsmanship, savoir-faire) which, combined together, make it possible to obtain an inimitable product outside a specific area. productive.
For a product to be PDO, the production, transformation and processing phases must take place in a defined geographical area. Those who make PDO products must comply with the strict production rules established in the production disciplinary. Compliance with these rules is guaranteed by a specific control body
The CodexAlimentarius defines organic agriculture as a global system of agricultural production that encourage the rational management of internal resources within the company and the limited use of external inputs to safeguard the agro-ecosystem in all its aspects.
Organic farming is a production method that essentially aims: